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Bible Study Notes on Revelation 22 – 20170808

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Bible Study Notes

Revelation 22:1  “…river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb”
Water of life coming from the throne of God.  Provided for all.  No more reason for anyone to not receive it.  Contrast with the Tree of Life in the original garden.  After they sinned they couldn’t eat of it anymore.  Now all is pure.  All can drink of the water.

2  “…the tree of life…”
Same goes for the Tree of Life.  And there’s more than one.  Down the middle of the street and on either side of the river.

2  “…leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations”
Not sure what he’s referring to here.  Why would anyone need healing, and what nations are referenced?  Commentary was vague.  Suggested it was preventive, not after the fact.  May be as one suggests, the tree is complete in providing life for all, both fruit and leaves.

3  “…there shall be no more curse…”
Nothing will be tainted with sin anymore.  The curse which God pronounced on the earth for man’s sake is no longer there.  All functions as originally intended.

4  “They shall see His face…”
Total purity.  Able to see the face of God without fear.  Relationship is complete.

5  “…shall be no night there…”
John is repeating aspects he’s seen.  Appears he does this throughout this last chapter as he closes out.  Important spots to remember.

6  “…And the Lord God of the holy prophets sent His angel to show His servants the things which must shortly take place”
Reason for the book.

7  “Behold, I am coming quickly! Blessed is he who keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.”

8-11  Similar to what happened in chapter 19.  Command is different.  Wonder why John still had an issue of falling down and worshipping the angel.  Suppose he was overwhelmed by what was happening.

12-13  “And behold, I am coming quickly, and My reward is with Me, to give to every one according to his work.  I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End, the First and the Last.”

12-17  Appears to be a summation of the whole situation.  Only those who receive Christ are able to enter the city and drink from the water of life.  All those who would rather live in their sin are outside.  Not a picture of what actually happens, but an overview of the idea.  And an admonition to hurry and be ready for the time is here.

16  “I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the churches.  I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the Bright and Morning Star.”

18-19  Warning not to take away or add to the words of the book.  Many have done both.  Their mercy may be running out.

20  “He who testifies to these things says, “Surely I am coming quickly.”  Amen.  Even so, come, Lord Jesus!”
My daily prayer.  I know many more need Him, but it’s getting so hard to wait.  I pray it’s not much longer.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 21 – 20170807

Writing

Bible Study Notes

Revelation 21:1  “…a new heaven and a new earth…”
I’m thinking he’s talking about the earth and the heaven around it, the atmosphere.  Not sure if this means the old one is completely gone and the new one was created or if the old one was transformed into the new just as our bodies will be.  Either way, the old sin tainted universe is gone.

1  “…there was no more sea”
Commentaries usually mention both the physical and spiritual applications of sea.  Represented death, destruction, and the unknown which is forever gone.  But most say the new earth won’t have a sea or ocean as this one.  John speaks of rivers and bodies of water so water will be present.  I just wonder about the creatures of the sea.  Land animals are mentioned, at least during the Millennium, and the fact that our relations with them are renewed.  I’m hoping the same can be said of sea creatures.  But I can’t say disappointed.  What God has in store for us is beyond imagination.

2  “…New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God…”
Some have mentioned that John says he saw the city coming down, but doesn’t mention it landing on the earth.  Leaves open the possibility that it orbits the earth much like the moon does.  Will be interesting to see.

3  “…God Himself will be with them and be their God”
That is the point.  No more separation from God due to our sin natures.  They will be gone.  What a day that will be!

4  “…God will wipe away every tear from their eyes; there shall be no more death, nor sorrow, nor crying.  There shall be no more pain, for the former things have passed away”
Glorious.  People get hung up on the no more tears idea without considering the context.  You only wipe away tears caused by pain.  God will do that by removing all reasons for pain, physical, mental, and spiritual.  The crying mentioned is due to death and sorrow.  I’m sure there will probably be tears shed due to unimaginable joy and rejoicing.  From that point, there won’t be anything painful to cry over.

5  “Then He who sat on the throne said, “Behold, I make all things new.”  And He said to me, “Write, for these words are true and faithful.”

6  “And He said to me, “It is done!  I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End…””

9  “…one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me…”
That part of their duty is over.  Now they get to enjoy peace as well.  No more dealing with bowls and plagues.

10  “…showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God”
Again John describes it as descending or coming down, not sitting on the earth.  Very interesting.  There is another possibility that occurs to me.  John could be describing it as coming down due to the fact that it is so tall it reaches into the sky or heavens.  What the men of Babel wanted to do, God now has done.  The city is said to be either 1,500 or 375 miles tall so it would reach into the atmosphere.  Anyone observing it from the ground could say that it was coming down out of Heaven.

11-21  Description of the city.  Much may be symbolic, but I think much is also representative.  Hard to know since the former things are gone and not remembered anymore.  John certainly used ideas from his time to make it understandable.  Plus, we must remember that most of what is down here is just a copy of what is up there.  Up there are the standards so the new may be created using the same standards and thus similar to what we have now.  Like the tabernacle.  The one on earth was a copy of the one already in Heaven, not the other way around.

12, 16-17, 23  “…she had a great and high wall with twelve gates…city is laid out as a square; its length is as great as its breadth…twelve thousand furlongs.  Its length, breadth, and height are equal…its wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits…city had no need of the sun or of the moon to shine in it, for the glory of God illuminated it. The Lamb is its light”
Sounds like a cube.  Not sure of the distance of a side.  Text says he measured the city with the reed, 1,500 miles.  Is that one side or all the way around which would make the side 375 miles.  It is surrounded by a wall which is somewhat shorter. The idea of a glowing city with no sun or moon shining on it was hard to imagine until one day when God gave me a physical vision of the idea.  I was traveling west a couple of hours before sunset.  There were huge banks of clouds covering the sun so there was a bit of darkness in that direction although you could see some rays coming over the top.  Over to the right there was another set of clouds which were oddly shaped like a city with tall buildings which was surrounded by a wall.  As I watched, some of the clouds which I couldn’t see that were between the large bank and the city moved out of the way.  I still could not see any direct light from the sun, but the light was now moving through the clouds.  It wasn’t shining on them, but causing the entire city to glow as though with its own light.  It was a wondrous and magnificent sight to behold.  As soon as it happened the words of verse 23 came to mind, the light of God illuminated it and the Lamb is its light.  Like living inside light that goes through you and everything around you.  I know the real thing will be much greater, but I’m still thankful for the preview of what is to come.

24  “…nations of those who are saved shall walk in its light, and the kings of the earth bring their glory and honor into it”
May refer to what was contrasted with what now is, but also opens other possibilities.  Nothing is said about life after the Millennium except a new heaven and new earth and the new Jerusalem inhabited with God’s people.  What will be happening on the new earth?  Will people begin to multiply again?  Will new people be created?  I know Jesus said people after the resurrection are like the angels with no marrying and giving in marriage, but I wonder if we fully understand what aspect of that He was referring to.  He was responding to a convoluted question from Sadducees referring to marriage laws and ties.  That wouldn’t rule out perfect paring if desired.  The existence of new nations on the earth is a possibility, but totally different from what we’ve experienced.  Perhaps it will once again be what God had intended at the beginning.  There’s a whole universe to explore created for us.  Oh, the possibilities.

25  “…there shall be no night there…”
The city has its own glowing light from God so it’s not dependent on light shining on it and thus no dark side.  So many possibilities.  Can hardly wait to see it.

26  “…they shall bring the glory and the honor of the nations into it”
Any honor and glory will not be of the nations, but of God.  The wonderful things from the nations will be for God.  God will finally be praised in purity and completeness as He deserves.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 20 – 20170804

Writing

Bible Study Notes

Revelation 20:1-3  “…an angel…having the key to the bottomless pit…a great chain…laid hold of the dragon, that serpent of old, who is the Devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years…cast him into the bottomless pit…till the thousand years were finished…after these things he must be released for a little while”
Satan is bound during the Millennial reign of Christ.  Not sure exactly what this stage is for.  Obviously has a reason and will bring glory to God.  I’ve often wondered if this is to show how only God’s way will work in God’s universe.  Man has been able to do things his way, somewhat, for six thousand years, from Eden until now.  And he has made an absolute mess of things.  The Millennium will contrast man’s rule with Christ’s.  And less man say that it was satan causing the problem, satan will be bound out of the way for most of it.  He will be released for a bit at the end to see if man will choose perfect conditions under Christ or his own sinful way with satan’s prodding, much like the choice Adam and Eve had in the garden.  I also find it interesting that God created for six days then rested on the seventh.  We’ve had six millennia of the earth in turmoil, now we’re ready for a millennia of perfect rule under Christ.  Personally I’m ready for it to begin today.

4  “…I saw thrones, and they sat on them…souls of those who had been beheaded for their witness to Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshiped the beast or his image, and had not received his mark on their foreheads or on their hands.  And they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years”
Some confusion over who is present during the Millennial reign.  I’ve read where some believe it is only the saved out of the Tribulation who reign with Christ while those who were raptured along with the pre-resurrection saints will remain in Heaven.  I’ve also read that the pre-resurrection saints will remain in Heaven while all who were saved after Christ will reign.  I don’t see where they get any of that except perhaps here where John only mentions the Tribulation saints, those who were beheaded and didn’t take the mark.  But I think he mentions them since they are different from the raptured saints in their situation.  At the Rapture, all who have believed in Christ to that point are reunited with their bodies, are changed into the incorruptible forms, and are taken to Heaven.  At that point, all saints in Heaven have their new bodies.  As those die during the Tribulation, they leave their bodies on the earth and spend some time in Heaven in Spirit form.  Those with bodies have come with Christ as His army, clothed in fine white linen.  And now John includes the others.  The souls of those from the Tribulation.  They are resurrected or reunited with their bodies to also reign with Christ.

5-6  “…rest of the dead did not live again until the thousand years were finished.  This is the first resurrection.  Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection.  Over such the second death has no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years.”
The first resurrection doesn’t refer to a particular resurrection, but to the resurrection of the living as opposed to the resurrection of the dead.  Those who belong to Christ at the Rapture were resurrected or reunited with their bodies then.  Here we have the rest who came out of the Tribulation being resurrected.  This resurrection of the living is the first resurrection.  The second death, being cast into the Lake of Fire, has no power over those of the first resurrection, those whose names are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.  And they, those who have part in the first resurrection, will reign with Christ a thousand years.  To me, this answers the question about who will be where.  We only have two groups mentioned, the resurrected and the unresurrected.  The resurrected are said to reign with Christ so that should include all of them.  The rest of the dead, those who are in Hell, won’t be resurrected for another thousand years.

7-8  “…Satan will be released…will go out to deceive the nations…”
Satan is released from the bottomless pit to stir up the people of earth who still have sin natures.  These would be descendants of any who were left alive at the beginning of the Millennium.  Not sure exactly how that will work.  We aren’t given any idea what life will be like during the Millennium.  But it sounds as though the nations will have some semblance of self government accountable to Christ.

Topics8-9  “…the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle, whose number is as the sand of the sea…surrounded the camp of the saints and the beloved city. And fire came down from God out of heaven and devoured them”
Appears satan will convince some of them to rebel against Christ as he did Adam and Eve at the beginning.  Not sure how Gog and Magog fit into this since it mentions the nations at the four corners of the earth, or basically all of them.  Perhaps the ones left at the beginning of the Millennium start out in that ancient area and spread from there.  At any rate, they have multiplied to great numbers during the thousand years.  They attempt to attack the ruling saints and Jerusalem only to have fire come down from Heaven and destroy them.  No muss no fuss.

10  “The devil…was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone…”
The final end to satan.  Cast into the Lake of Fire like the Antichrist and his false prophet.

11  “…a great white throne and Him who sat on it…”
Final judgment of God.

12  “…I saw the dead, small and great, standing before God…”
This is the second resurrection, the resurrection of the lost, those who died without Christ.  They are now resurrected and stand before God for their final judgment.

12-15  “…books were opened.  And another book was opened, which is the Book of Life. And the dead were judged according to their works, by the things which were written in the books…And they were judged, each one according to his works…This is the second death…anyone not found written in the Book of Life was cast into the lake of fire”
Saddest point.  All the dead, those who rejected Christ, stand before God and are judged by their works which are listed in the books.  All the things they thought they got away with are presented to them.  Then they are cast into the Lake of Fire with satan, the Antichrist, the false prophet, and all the fallen angels.  This is called the second death because there is no resurrection from it, no hope of it ever ending.

13  “The sea gave up the dead who were in it, and Death and Hades delivered up the dead who were in them…”
Just an interesting note.  Not sure why the distinction between the sea and Death and Hades.  May be from a point of perception.  Those who die on land can be buried or cremated.  Those in the sea are a bit of an unknown as to their final condition.  The phrase may just be a statement of completion, a way of saying all those dead who are left are brought forth, no one is left out.  Commentaries suggest it refers to both body and soul/spirit.  Sea and grave give up the bodies while Death and Hades give up the souls/spirits.  They come together for the judgment.  Makes sense.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 19 – 20170802

Writing

Bible Study Notes

Revelation 19:1  “…a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven…”
For the last two announcements, John has been approached by or heard a single voice.  Now he hears a great multitude.  All is done and all of Heaven rejoices.

7-8  “…the marriage of the Lamb has come, and His wife has made herself ready…arrayed in fine linen, clean and bright, for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints”
The bride of Christ, those who are saved by Him, who have accepted His gift of salvation from the beginning of time.  Old Testament saints looked forward and trusted that He would come.  New Testament saints look back and see what He did and trust in Him.  All now belong to Him and are gathered together at last.

9-10  “Then he said to me…I am your fellow servant, and of your brethren who have the testimony of Jesus”
Not told exactly who this one is who is speaking.  Assuming it is the one who has spoken to John at different times throughout the experience.  I find it interesting that he says he is of your brethren who have the testimony of Jesus.  An angel would be a fellow servant, but not of the brethren of Jesus.  Or is he saying he is a fellow servant like the brethren who have the testimony of Jesus.  My point is that depending on the interpretation of that statement, the person speaking could be an angel or another redeemed human.  Last person to speak to John directly was one of the seven angels who had the bowls in chapter 17.  Could still be him or someone else.  Not really relevant, but an interesting note.  From what else he says, sounds like he is a heavenly being who is proclaiming the testimony of Jesus just as John and the other prophets have done.

10  “…the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy”
Jesus is the sum of all prophecy.  All of scripture points to Him.  Brethren who have the testimony would be the prophets.

11  “…Faithful and True…”
Reference to Jesus.

12  “…a name written that no one knew except Himself”
Not sure about this.  Different ideas, all good, but nothing specific.  Perhaps now that all has been placed under His feet, He has a new name which He will share with the bride.

13  “…clothed with a robe dipped in blood…”
Again, different ideas.  Items were purified by being dipped in blood or having blood sprinkled on them.  He would need no purifying for Himself.  Perhaps this signifies how His own blood was used to purify us.

13  “…His name is called The Word of God”
Another reference to Jesus.

15  “…He Himself will rule them with a rod of iron…”
Christ will rule on earth Himself.  Nothing will get past Him.  No injustice will go uncorrected.

19  “…I saw the beast, the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together to make war against Him who sat on the horse and against His army”
The last gathering before the Millennial reign.  The rulers of the earth with their armies along with the Antichrist.

20  “…the beast…the false prophet…These two were cast alive into the lake of fire burning with brimstone”
The Antichrist and his other beast/false prophet are captured and cast into the lake of fire.  End of game for them.  Satan is handled in the next chapter.

21  “…rest were killed with the sword which proceeded from the mouth of Him who sat on the horse…”
Jesus doesn’t need an actual sword.  His power comes through His spoken word.  He will merely speak the words and the battle will be over.  As He did on the cross with It is finished.

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 18 – 20170731

Writing

Bible Study Notes

NOTE:  Appears chapters 17, 18, and 19 deal with the same issue, the ending of satan’s world kingdom referred to as Babylon.  As an actual city, it would have been presided over by the Antichrist or beast.  From chapter 19 he wasn’t in it when it was destroyed.  Chapter 18 will describe the world reaction to the destruction.

Revelation 18:1-3  “…another angel…Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen…kings of the earth have committed fornication with her…”
Babylon’s destruction is told and the fact that she had become so despicable.  Dwelling place of demons due to such horrific abominations.  Rulers of the earth had become rich through dealing with her.  Hard to see the distinction between those who profited from her and those who will wage war against her, but I’m sure will be clear then.

4  “…Come out of her, my people, lest you share in her sins, and lest you receive of her plagues”
Like the ark, God pulls out His own before the destruction starts.  Certainly the followers of God would not be participating in Babylon’s abominations, but they may be there surreptitiously trying to win more souls for Christ who have not taken the mark.  At this point it would probably be hard to find any if not completely impossible.  At any rate, they are warned about the approaching destruction and are told to get out.

5  “…God has remembered her iniquities”
People think they are getting away with their sins, but God remembers.  If they don’t repent, judgment will come.  In this case, the time of repentance had passed.  Judgment was surely coming.

8  “Therefore her plagues will come in one day…”
Wonder if this is a note of the speed at which the destruction actually comes or just a way of speaking of the surety of the action.  The text will later mention how she was destroyed in an hour so it may very well be rather swift.

9-10  “…kings of the earth…will weep and lament for her…standing at a distance for fear of her torment…in one hour your judgment has come”
Those who profited by her will cry over their lost revenue.  They won’t get near for fear of getting destroyed themselves.  And they marvel at the speed at which the destruction occurred.

11  “…no one buys their merchandise anymore”
Sounds as though the city was the complete center of world commerce.  Follows with the idea expressed earlier, that only those who had received the mark of the beast would be able to buy and sell.  Now that she is gone, the restriction to only buy and sell from her representatives is released.

12-13  Description of all the goods which were exchanged, including people.  Easy to see from current world problems that this won’t be such a surprise then.  Human trafficking has seen such a growth in the last few years.  Perhaps this will be the fulfillment of it.

17  “…Every shipmaster…”
Each group of people is mentioned, rulers, merchants, and shipmasters.  All those who profited, all see her destruction and mourn for their lost revenue.

20  “Rejoice over her, O heaven, and you holy apostles and prophets, for God has avenged you on her!”
Contrast the mourning of those who profited from her abominations with the rejoicing of those who were her victims.

21  “…the great city Babylon shall be thrown down, and shall not be found anymore”
Total destruction, never to be built again.  Babylon had been destroyed and rebuilt several times over the centuries, but now it will be destroyed to be rebuilt no more.  Shows the finality of God’s judgment on sin and rebellion.  It will finally be over.  Sin will no longer be a controlling factor over the ways of man.  It will still be there during the Millennial reign, but Christ will be ruling so no sin will go unpunished.  And when the time is complete, it will be done away with forever.

23-24  “…your merchants were the great men of the earth, for by your sorcery all the nations were deceived…in her was found the blood of prophets and saints, and of all who were slain on the earth”

I hope you enjoy reading and studying His word.  May it accomplish what He desires.  Please feel free to comment or post questions.  Thanks for reading!

Scripture taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 17 – 20170728

Bible Study Notes

NOTE:  John is presented a vision in 1-6, then is told what the vision represents in 7-18.  Commentaries have such different ideas.  Going to put down what stands out to me.

Revelation 17:1  “…the judgment of the great harlot…” Bible refers to worship of anyone or anything other than God as . . . → Read More: Bible Study Notes on Revelation 17 – 20170728

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 16 – 20170725

Bible Study Notes

Revelation 16:1  “…voice from the temple saying to the seven angels…” Again from the temple.  Direct commands, direct control.

1  “…the wrath of God on the earth” Concluding acts of vengeance on the people of earth, at least those who are rebelling against Him.  It’s just a taste of what is . . . → Read More: Bible Study Notes on Revelation 16 – 20170725

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 15 – 20170724

Bible Study Notes

Revelation 15:1  “…great and marvelous…in them the wrath of God is complete” Great and marvelous as part of the overall majesty of what John was seeing, and because the wrath of God is complete with them.  Only natural to want things to be right, for wrongs to be corrected, but when . . . → Read More: Bible Study Notes on Revelation 15 – 20170724

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 14 – 20170721

Bible Study Notes

Revelation 14:1  “…with Him one hundred and forty-four thousand, having His Father’s name written on their foreheads” Probably the same group mentioned in chapter 7 revisited.

3  “…no one could learn that song except the hundred and forty-four thousand who were redeemed…” Only they could understand the song as they were . . . → Read More: Bible Study Notes on Revelation 14 – 20170721

Bible Study Notes on Revelation 13 – 20170719

Bible Study Notes

Revelation 13:1  “…I saw a beast rising up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns…” Parallel to Daniel 7.  Daniel saw four beasts arising, each representing a ruling power.  The fourth one was the one in control when Christ returns, the last days.  The Antichrist will come from . . . → Read More: Bible Study Notes on Revelation 13 – 20170719